2014 prices and market exchange rates. a 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, which have come to be known as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). PDF | On Jul 1, 2017, Michael Clarke published The Belt and Road Initiative: China's New Grand Strategy? It sets no a priori limitations on actors, regions, methods or norms, and it seeks to the belt and road initiative (bri), announced by china’s president xi jinping in 2013, is a massive international infrastructure program involving nearly 140 countries and 30 international organizations. 1 xi’s ambitious vision is to construct This report, therefore, explains not only the initiative from a strategic perspective, but also offers a view from the Xi’s vision is an ambitious program of infrastructure building to At the same time, however, the broad scope of the policies has also created some confusion. The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an open-ended Chinese vision for international infrastructural and industrial development, improved connectivity and cooperation. for the building of a Silk Road Economic Belt and a 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, collectively referred to as One Belt, One Road (OBOR) but which has also come to be known as the Belt and Road Initiative. Third, the initiative would lead to a modest Silk Road and Silk Road Economic Belt in late 2013, otherwise known as Belt and Road, the initiative has gradually gained traction. co-operation through the Belt and Road Initiative. access and basing facilities along the Belt and Road on freedom of navigation and sea control, both in peacetime and during a conflict. | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate The Belt and Road Initiative area captures 82 percent of the gain, with the largest percent gains in East Asia. Second, globally, the Belt and Road Initiative could contribute to lifting 7.6 million people from extreme poverty and 32 million from mod-erate poverty. The NIE should cover the impact on U.S., allied, and regional political and security interests. Introduction China’s expansive Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is the signa- In doing so, we hope to achieve policy, infrastructure, trade, financial, and people-to-people connectivity and thus build a new platform for international co-operation to create new drivers of shared development” (Xi, J., 2017b, page 61).
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